The basic function of Excel is to manipulate the numbers to perform different calculations using different mathematical operations. We will learn how to multiply in Excel in the following examples:

- How to multiply the cells in Excel
- How to multiply the columns in Excel
- How to multiply a column by a constant in Excel

*Figure 1. How to Multiply in Excel and Google Sheets*

**How to Multiply the Cells in Excel**

We supply the cell references separated by the multiplication symbol (*) in the formula to multiply two cells in Excel, such as;

**=C2*D2**

Press Enter to get the result and copy the formula down to other cells where data exists.

*Figure 2. Multiplying the Cells*

**How to Multiply Columns in Excel**

There are a number of ways to multiply the columns in Excel and Google Sheets.

**Multiplying One Column By Another**

By using the multiplication symbol in Excel (*) we can easily multiply one column by another in Excel. Suppose we have listed the itemsâ€™ prices in column C and quantities in column D and we can multiply columns C and D to get the Sales amount of each item in column E. Follow these steps;

- Insert the symbol
**=**in column D, say row 2, and separate the column C from column D by multiplication symbol (*) to perform multiplication, such as**=C2*D2** - Copy the formula down the column till the last cell with data.

*Figure 3. Multiplying One Column By Another*

**Multiplying Columns with PRODUCT Function**

Using the PRODUCT function we can easily multiply columns in Excel and Google Sheets. In order to get the total Sales amount of price and quantity in column C and D, we use the PRODUCT function in column E, such as;

- Insert the formula

in column E at row 2**=PRODUCT(C2:D2)** - Copy this formula down to column till the last cell with data.

*Figure 4. Multiplying Columns with PRODUCT Function*

**Multiplying Columns with an Array Formula**

We can also multiply columns in Excel and Google Sheets with the help of an array formula. In our example, we can multiply the column C and D to get the Sales amount in column E with an array formula in the following steps;

- Select the range of cells in column E, say E2: E8, where we need to multiply columns C and D
- In the formula bar, enter the formula to multiply two columns in Excel, such as
**=C2:C8*D2: D8** - Press keys
**Ctrl+Shift+Enter**instead of just Enter to make this formula as an array formula.

*Figure 5. Multiplying Columns with an Array Formula*

**How to Multiply a Column By a Constant in Excel**

We often need to multiply a column in Excel by a constant number or percentage value to perform calculations. We can supply the constant in the multiplication formula in Excel as a direct number or cell reference. Suppose we need to calculate VAT Amount by multiplying the Sales amount with 10% (constant) in column F.

- In column F, cell F2, enter the formula

, where 10% is a constant to multiply column E.**=E2*10%** - Copy the formula down to column E till the last cell with data

*Figure 6. Multiplying a Column By a Constant*