How to Divide in Excel and Google Sheets

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Division is one of the most basic operations we have learned growing up. To most people, division is quite difficult. Thanks to Excel, division can now be performed with ease and accuracy.  

How to divide in?

Division in Excel is easily done by using the forward slash “/”, which is the division symbol.  

Suppose we want to divide any number (a) by another number (b).  The divide formula is 


where a is the dividend and is the divisor. 

Figure 1.  divide formula

How to divide two numbers?

Dividing is very straightforward.  We enter the equal “=” sign to activate the formula function, then the numerator, followed by the forward slash “/” followed by the denominator.  

 When we want to divide 8 by 2, the formula to use is:


where 8 is the numerator or dividend and 2 is the denominator or divisor.  

Figure 2.  Divide numbers

How to divide two cells in?

The formula to divide cells uses  the cell references containing the values as the numerator and denominator.  

When we want to divide cell B3 by cell C3, we enter the formula:


Figure 3.  Formula to divide two cells

How to divide a column by a number?

We can also divide a column by a number.  When we want to divide column B by the number 2, we enter the formula


Where the numerator is a cell reference and the denominator is a number.  

Figure 4.  Divide a column by a number in Excel

How to divide columns and Google sheets?

Divide columns

It is possible to perform division in several columns in as little time as possible.  In order to divide columns, we follow these steps:

  • Enter the formula in cell E3: =B3/C3
  • Press ENTER
  • Copy the formula in cell E3 by pressing Ctrl + C, then select cells E4 and E5 and press Ctrl + V to paste the formula

Figure 5.  Divide columns

As a result, the values in column B are divided by the corresponding values in column C.  

Divide columns in Google sheets

The formula to divide columns in Google sheets is similar to Excel.  We simply use the cell references as the numerator and denominator in our division formula. 

Figure 6.   Divide columns in Google sheets

Is there a divide function? 

Simply put, there is no function for the division operation.  In order to divide,, we have to use the division symbol in a formula. 

There is, however, the QUOTIENT function which returns only the integer portion of any division, excluding the remainder.  



  • Numerator – the dividend
  • Denominator  – the divisor


We want to divide 10 by 3.  Using the QUOTIENT function, we enter the formula


Figure 7.  QUOTIENT function